The National Health Measures Survey component of the 2011–13 Australian Health Survey included a fasting plasma glucose test.
A respondent to the survey is considered to have known diabetes if they had ever been told by a doctor or nurse that they have Type 2 diabetes and:
- They were taking diabetes medication (either insulin or tablets); or
- Their blood test result for fasting plasma glucose was greater than or equal to 7.0 mmol/L.
A respondent to the survey is considered to have newly diagnosed diabetes if they reported no prior diagnosis of diabetes, but had a fasting plasma glucose value greater than or equal to 7.0 mmol/L.
Excludes persons who did not fast for 8 hours or more prior to their blood test.
Excludes women with gestational diabetes.
The data are reported for two age ranges:
- People aged 18 years and over; and
- People aged 25 years and over, as a supplementary measure.
Rates are directly age-standardised to the 2001 Australian population.
Analysis by remoteness and Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) Index of Relative Socio-Economic Disadvantage (IRSD) is based on usual residence of person (based on data availability).
Presented as a percentage.
95% confidence intervals and relative standard errors calculated for rates.
Note: The type of diabetes for newly diagnosed cases cannot be determined from a fasting plasma glucose or HbA1c test alone. However, it is assumed that the vast majority of newly diagnosed cases would be Type 2.