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Definition

Proportion of adults with very high levels of psychological distress.

Indicator Summary

Numerator
Number of people aged 18 years or over with a very high distress score as measured by the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale.
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Denominator
Population aged 18 years or over.
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Computation

Derived from the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, with higher scores indicating a higher level of distress; lower scores indicate a low level of distress.

A ten item scale is currently employed by Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) in general population collections (i.e. K10), while a modified five item scale is included in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander collections (K5). …

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Disaggregation

2011-12 and 2007-08 — State and territory by sex.

2011-12 and 2007-08 — Nationally by:

  • remoteness (Australian Standard Geographical Classification Remoteness Structure)
  • Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) Index of Relative Socio-Economic Disadvantage (IRSD) quintiles and deciles

  • disability status

2011-12 and 2007-08 (grouped high/very high levels of psychological distress) — State and territory by:

  • remoteness (Australian Standard Geographical Classification Remoteness Structure)
  • SEIFA IRSD quintiles
  • disability status

2007-08 (grouped high/very high levels of psychological distress) — State and territory by:

  • Indigenous status …
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Calculation rules

Computation Rule
Description

Derived from the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, with higher scores indicating a higher level of distress; lower scores indicate a low level of distress.

A ten item scale is currently employed by Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) in general population collections (i.e. K10), while a modified five item scale is included in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander collections (K5).

Total scores from the K10 scale will be grouped as follows:

  • 10-15 Low;
  • 16-21 Moderate;
  • 22-29 High; and
  • 30-50 Very high.

Total scores from the K5 scale will be grouped as follows:

  • 5-11 Low/moderate; and
  • 12-25 High/very high.

Presented as a percentage. Rates are directly age-standardised to the 2001 Australian population. 95% confidence intervals and relative standard errors calculated for rates.

Numerators
Number of people aged 18 years or over with a very high distress score as measured by the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale.
Denominators
Population aged 18 years or over.
Disaggregation

2011-12 and 2007-08 — State and territory by sex.

2011-12 and 2007-08 — Nationally by:

  • remoteness (Australian Standard Geographical Classification Remoteness Structure)
  • Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) Index of Relative Socio-Economic Disadvantage (IRSD) quintiles and deciles

  • disability status

2011-12 and 2007-08 (grouped high/very high levels of psychological distress) — State and territory by:

  • remoteness (Australian Standard Geographical Classification Remoteness Structure)
  • SEIFA IRSD quintiles
  • disability status

2007-08 (grouped high/very high levels of psychological distress) — State and territory by:

  • Indigenous status
  • sex

2007-08 (grouped high/very high levels of psychological distress) — Nationally by SEIFA IRSD deciles.

Some disaggreations may result in numbers too small for publication.

References

Related content

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