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Definition

Deaths that are potentially avoidable within the present health system:
• potentially preventable deaths are those amenable to screening and primary prevention such as immunisation
• deaths from potentially treatable conditions are those amenable to therapeutic interventions

Indicator Summary

Numerator
Number of deaths of persons aged less than 75 categorised as potentially avoidable
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Denominator
Population aged less than 75 years
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Computation

Deaths are defined as avoidable in the context of the present health system.

ICD-10 codes in scope are as specified below:

Cause of death group

ICD-10 Codes

Limits (age, sex)

Treatable

Preventable

Infections

Tuberculosis

A15–A19, B90

X

Selected invasive bacterial and protozoal infections

A38–A41, A46, A48.1 B50–B54, G00,G03, J02.0, J13–J15, J18, L03

X

Hepatitis

B15–B19

X

HIV/AIDS

B20–B24

X

Viral …

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Disaggregation

2007 and 2008 (updated for ABS revised cause of death data and variability bands) and 2009—Nationally, by preventable and treatable categories:

  • Indigenous status

2003–2007 and 2004–2008 (updated for ABS revised cause of death data) and 2005–2009—State and territory, by preventable and treatable categories, by:

  • Indigenous status

Some disaggregations may result in numbers too small for publication. Disaggregation by Indigenous status will be based on data only from jurisdictions for which the quality of Indigenous identification is considered acceptable—NSW, Qld, SA, …

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Calculation rules

Computation Rule
Description

Deaths are defined as avoidable in the context of the present health system.

ICD-10 codes in scope are as specified below:

Cause of death group

ICD-10 Codes

Limits (age, sex)

Treatable

Preventable

Infections

Tuberculosis

A15–A19, B90

X

Selected invasive bacterial and protozoal infections

A38–A41, A46, A48.1 B50–B54, G00,G03, J02.0, J13–J15, J18, L03

X

Hepatitis

B15–B19

X

HIV/AIDS

B20–B24

X

Viral pneumonia and influenza

J10, J12, J21

X

Enteritis and other diarrhoeal disease

A00–A09

X

Childhood vaccine-preventable diseases

A35–A37, A49.1, A49.2, A80, B01, B05–B06, J11

0–14

X

Sexually transmitted diseases, except HIV/AIDS

A50–A64, M02.3, N34.1, N70–N73, N75.0, N75.1, N76.4, N76.6, O00

X

Ear infections—otitis media and mastoiditis

H65–H70

X

Upper respiratory tract infection

J00–J06

X

Cancer

Lip, oral cavity and pharynx

C00–C14

X

Oesophagus

C15

X

Stomach

C16

X

Colorectal

C18–C21

X

Liver

C22

X

Lung

C33, C34

X

Melanoma of skin

C43

X

Non-melanocytic skin

C44

X

Breast

C50

Female

X

Cervix

C53

X

Uterus

C54, C55

X

Bladder

C67

X

Thyroid

C73

X

Hodgkin’s disease

C81

X

Lymphoid leukaemia—acute/chronic

C91.0, C91.1

X

Benign cancers

D10–D36

X

Malignant neoplasm of testis

C62

X

Malignant neoplasm of eye and adnexa

C69

X

Diabetes

E10–E14

X (0.5)

X (0.5)

Drug use disorders

Alcohol related disease

F10, I42.6, K29.2, K70

X

Illicit drug use disorders

F11–F16, F18, F19

X

Epilepsy

G40, G41

X

Diseases of the circulatory system

Rheumatic and other valvular heart disease

I01–I09

X

Hypertensive heart disease

I11

X

Ischaemic heart disease

I20–I25

X (0.5)

X (0.5)

Cerebrovascular diseases

I60–I69

X (0.5)

X (0.5)

Aortic aneurysm

I71

X

Phlebitis and thrombophlebitis of other deep vessels of lower extremities

I80.2

X

Pulmonary embolism

I26

X

Diseases of the genitourinary system

Nephritis and nephrosis

I12, I13, N00–N07, N17–N19

X

Obstructive uropathy & prostatic hyperplasia

N13, N20, N21, N35, N40

X

Diseases of the respiratory system

COPD

J40–J44

45–74 years

X

Asthma

J45, J46

0–44 years

X

Diseases of the digestive system

Peptic ulcer disease

K25–K28

X

Diseases of appendix; hernia; disorders of gallbladder, biliary tract, and pancreas

K35–K38, K40–K46, K80–K83, K85, K86

X

Chronic liver disease (excluding alcohol-related disease)

K73, K74

X

Maternal & infant causes

Birth defects

H31.1, P00, P04, Q00–Q99

X

Complications of perinatal period

P03, P05–P95

X

Unintentional injuries

Road traffic injuries

V01–V04, V06, V09–V80, V87, V89, V99

X

Falls

W00–W19

X

Fires, burns

X00–X09

X

Accidental poisonings

X40–X49

X

Drownings

W65–W74

X

War

Y36

X

Intentional injuries

Suicide and self-inflicted injuries

X60–X84, Y87.0, Y10–Y34

X

Violence

X85–Y09, Y87.1

X

Other conditions

Nutritional deficiency anaemia

D50–D53

X

Thyroid disorders

E00–E07

X

Adrenal disorders

E24, E27

X

Congenital metabolic disorders

E25, E70.0, E74.2

X

Osteomyelitis and other osteopathies of bone

M86, M89

X

Complications of pregnancy, labour or the puerperium

O01–O99

X

Misadventures to patients during surgical and medical care

Y60–Y69

X

Medical devices associated with adverse incidents in diagnostic & therapeutic use

Y70–Y82

X

Surgical and other medical procedures as the cause of abnormal reaction of the patient, or of later complication, without mention of misadventure at the time of the procedure

Y83–Y84

X

Rates are directly age-standardised to the 2001 Australian population.

Variability bands are to be calculated for single-year rates using the method below.

Presented per 100,000 population.

Numerators
Number of deaths of persons aged less than 75 categorised as potentially avoidable
Denominators
Population aged less than 75 years
Disaggregation

2007 and 2008 (updated for ABS revised cause of death data and variability bands) and 2009—Nationally, by preventable and treatable categories:

  • Indigenous status

2003–2007 and 2004–2008 (updated for ABS revised cause of death data) and 2005–2009—State and territory, by preventable and treatable categories, by:

  • Indigenous status

Some disaggregations may result in numbers too small for publication. Disaggregation by Indigenous status will be based on data only from jurisdictions for which the quality of Indigenous identification is considered acceptable—NSW, Qld, SA, WA, NT.

References

Related content

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