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Definition

Deaths that are potentially avoidable within the present health system:
  • potentially preventable deaths are those amenable to screening and primary prevention such as immunisation
  • potentially treatable deaths are those amenable to therapeutic interventions
  • Indicator Summary

    Numerator
    Number of deaths of persons aged less than 75 years, categorised as potentially avoidable
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    Denominator
    Population aged less than 75 years
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    Computation

    Deaths are defined as avoidable in the context of the present health system.

    Rates are directly age-standardised to the Australian population as at 30 June 2001.

    Presented per 100,000 population.

    ICD-10 codes in scope are as specified below:

    Table 20A: ICD-10 codes for potentially avoidable deaths, by major cause of death group

    Cause of death group ICD-10 Codes Limits(age, sex) …
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    Disaggregation

    Calculation rules

    Computation Rule
    Description

    Deaths are defined as avoidable in the context of the present health system.

    Rates are directly age-standardised to the Australian population as at 30 June 2001.

    Presented per 100,000 population.

    ICD-10 codes in scope are as specified below:

    Table 20A: ICD-10 codes for potentially avoidable deaths, by major cause of death group

    Cause of death group ICD-10 Codes Limits(age, sex) Treatable Preventable
    Infections
    Tuberculosis A15–A19, B90 X
    Selected invasive bacterial and protozoal infections A38–A41, A46, A48.1 B50–B54, G00,G03, J02.0, J13–J15, J18, L03 X
    Hepatitis B15–B19 X
    HIV/AIDS B20–B24 X
    Viral pneumonia and influenza J10, J12, J17.1, J21 X
    Enteritis and other diarrhoeal disease A00–A09 X
    Childhood vaccine-preventable diseases A35–A37, A49.1, A49.2, A80, B01, B05–B06, J11 0–14 X
    Sexually transmitted diseases, except HIV/AIDS A50–A64, M02.3, N34.1, N70–N73, N75.0, N75.1, N76.4, N76.6, O00 X
    Ear infections—otitis media and mastoiditis H65–H70 X
    Upper respiratory tract infection J00–J06 X
    Cancer
    Lip, oral cavity and pharynx C00–C14 X
    Oesophagus C15 X
    Stomach C16 X
    Colorectal C18–C21 X
    Liver C22 X
    Lung C33, C34 X
    Melanoma of skin C43 X
    Non-melanocytic skin C44 X
    Breast C50 Female X
    Cervix C53 X
    Uterus C54, C55 X
    Bladder C67 X
    Thyroid C73 X
    Hodgkin’s disease C81 X
    Lymphoid leukaemia—acute/chronic C91.0, C91.1 X
    Benign cancers D10–D36 X
    Malignant neoplasm of testis C62 X
    Malignant neoplasm of eye and adnexa C69 X
    Diabetes E10–E14 X (0.5) X (0.5)
    Drug use disorders
    Alcohol related disease F10, I42.6, K29.2, K70 X
    Illicit drug use disorders F11–F16, F18, F19 X
    Epilepsy G40, G41 X
    Diseases of the circulatory system
    Rheumatic and other valvular heart disease I01–I09 X
    Hypertensive heart disease I11 X
    Ischaemic heart disease I20–I25 X (0.5) X (0.5)
    Cerebrovascular diseases I60–I69 X (0.5) X (0.5)
    Aortic aneurysm I71 X
    Phlebitis and thrombophlebitis of other deep vessels of lower extremities I80.2
    Pulmonary embolism I26 X
    Diseases of the genitourinary system
    Nephritis and nephrosis I12, I13, N00–N09, N17–N19 X
    Obstructive uropathy & prostatic hyperplasia N13, N20, N21, N35, N40, N99.1 X
    Diseases of the respiratory system
    COPD J40–J44 45–74 years X
    Asthma J45, J46 0–44 years X
    Diseases of the digestive system
    Peptic ulcer disease K25–K28 X
    Diseases of appendix; hernia; disorders of gallbladder, biliary tract, and pancreas K35–K38, K40–K46, K80–K83, K85, K86, K91.5 X
    Chronic liver disease (excluding alcohol-related disease) K73, K74 X
    Maternal & infant causes
    Birth defects H31.1, P00, P04, Q00–Q99 X
    Complications of perinatal period P03, P05–P95 X
    Unintentional injuries
    Road traffic injuries V01–V04, V06, V09–V80, V87, V89, V99 X
    Falls W00–W19 X
    Fires, burns X00–X09 X
    Accidental poisonings X40–X49 X
    Drownings W65–W74 X
    War Y36 X
    Intentional injuries
    Suicide and self-inflicted injuries X60–X84, Y87.0, Y10–Y34 X
    Violence X85–Y09, Y87.1 X
    Other conditions
    Nutritional deficiency anaemia D50–D53 X
    Thyroid disorders E00–E07 X
    Adrenal disorders E24, E27 X
    Congenital metabolic disorders E25, E70.0, E74.2 X
    Osteomyelitis and other osteopathies of bone M86, M89–M90 X
    Complications of pregnancy, labour or the puerperium O01–O99 X
    Misadventures to patients during surgical and medical care Y60–Y69 X
    Medical devices associated with adverse incidents in diagnostic & therapeutic use Y70–Y82 X
    Surgical and other medical procedures as the cause of abnormal reaction of the patient, or of later complication, without mention of misadventure at the time of the procedure Y83–Y84 X
    Numerators
    Number of deaths of persons aged less than 75 years, categorised as potentially avoidable
    Denominators
    Population aged less than 75 years

    References

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