The SEIFA cluster contains data elements that may be used to ascertain a SEIFA score for a geographic area which is a measure of the collective socio-economic status of the people living in the area.
The person level geographical location data elements in this cluster refer to the person's usual residence. This is defined below.
When collecting the geographical location of a person's usual place of residence, the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) recommends that 'usual' be defined as: 'the place where the person has or intends to live for 6 months or more, or the place that the person regards as their main residence, or where the person has no other residence, the place they currently reside.' Apart from collecting a person's usual place of residence there is also a need in some collections to collect area of residence immediately prior to or after assistance is provided, or at some other point in time.
Metadata items in this Data Set Specification
Below is a list of all the components within this Dataset Specification.
Each entry includes the item name, whether the item is optional, mandatory or conditional and the maximum times the item can occur in a dataset.
If the items must occur in a particular order in the dataset, the sequence number is included before the item name.
|Reference||Data Element||Data Type||Length||Inclusion||#|
|Address—statistical area, level 1 (SA1) code (ASGS 2011) N(11)||-||-||optional||1|
|Person—area of usual residence, geographical location code (ASGC 2011) NNNNN||-||-||optional||1|
|Person—area of usual residence, statistical area level 2 (SA2) code (ASGS 2011) N(9)||String||9||optional||1|
Guide for use:
SEIFA 2011 is a suite of four summary measures produced by the ABS from social and economic information in the 2011 Census of Population and Housing. The indexes reflect the socio-economic wellbeing of a geographic area, rather than that of individuals. They were calculated at the Statistical Area Level 1 (SA1), and reflect SA1 characteristics. For each index, every geographic area in Australia is given a SEIFA score which measures how relatively 'advantaged' or 'disadvantaged' that area is compared with other areas in Australia.
Each index summarises a different aspect of the socio-economic conditions of people living in an area. They each summarise a different set of social and economic information. The indexes provide more general measures of socio-economic status than is given by measuring income or unemployment alone, for example.
The four indexes in SEIFA 2011 are:
- Index of Relative Socio-economic Disadvantage (IRSD): IRSD is a general socio-economic index derived from Census variables related to disadvantage, such as low income, low educational attainment, unemployment, and dwellings without motor vehicles.
- Index of Relative Socio-economic Advantage and Disadvantage (IRSAD): IRSAD is a continuum of advantage (high values) to disadvantage (low values) which is derived from Census variables related to both advantage and disadvantage, like household with low income and people with a tertiary education.
- Index of Economic Resources (IER): IER summarises variables relating to the financial aspects of relative socioeconomic advantage and disadvantage. These include indicators of high and low income, as well as variables that correlate with high or low wealth.
- Index of Education and Occupation (IEO): IEO summarises variables relating to the educational and occupational aspects of relative socio-economic advantage and disadvantage. This index focuses on the skills of the people in an area, both formal qualifications and the skills required to perform different occupations.
The concept of relative socio-economic disadvantage is neither simple, nor well defined. SEIFA uses a broad definition of relative socio-economic disadvantage in terms of people's access to material and social resources, and their ability to participate in society. While SEIFA represents an average of all people living in an area, SEIFA does not represent the individual situation of each person. Larger areas are more likely to have greater diversity of people and households.
The Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS) (ABS cat no 1270.0.55.001) replaced the Australian Standard Geographical Classification (ASGC) as the main geographical framework for the 2011 Census. However, Statistical Local Area and Local Government Area geography units from the ASGC are still supported for the 2011 Census and 2011 SEIFA.
Data cubes for the SEIFA 2011 indexes are available for the following geographic units:
- Statistical Area Level 1 (SA1);
- Statistical Area Level 2 (SA2);
- Statistical Local Area (SLA);
- Local Government Area (LGA);
- State Suburb (SSC); and
- Postal Area (POA).
The basic geographic unit used to create SEIFA 2011 is SA1. SLAs and LGAs are larger geographic units in the ASGC. POAs are an SA1-based approximation of Australia Post postcodes.
The data cube for the SA1 level indexes contains the index scores for each of the four indexes, as well as the associated ranks, deciles and percentiles at the national and state/territory level. All other data cubes are derived from the SA1 level data cube.
Population Distribution and SA1 Distribution data cubes have also been released by the ABS to assist users in understand the diversity of the socio-economic conditions of SA1s within larger areas.
Due to changes between the 2006 SEIFA (based on 2006 Census and ASGC geography framework) and the 2011 SEIFA (based on 2011 Census and ASGS geography framework), users who need to make comparisons between the SEIFAs, such as for time series performance reporting purposes, should contact email@example.com to clarify issues that need to be considered for their data.
This content Based on Australian Institute of Health and Welfare material. Attribution provided as required under the AIHW CC-BY licence.
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